Blood in Dog Urine: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

blood in dog urine, sad dog

Seeing blood in your dog’s urine can be a cause for concern and may leave you feeling worried about your furry friend’s health.

While it can be alarming, it’s essential to understand that blood in dog urine, medically known as hematuria, can have various causes, ranging from mild to severe.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the causes, treatment options, and preventive measures for blood in dog urine.

What Causes Blood in Dog Urine?

It’s not uncommon for dog owners to notice blood in their dog’s urine, and understandably, this can be a distressing sight.

While some cases of blood in dog urine may be harmless, others may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires attention.

Recognizing the potential causes and seeking veterinary care is crucial to ensure your dog’s well-being.

Blood in dog urine can originate from different parts of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Additionally, reproductive system issues can also cause blood in the urine, particularly in unspayed or unneutered dogs.

Understanding the underlying causes is essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Let’s explore the most common factors that contribute to blood in dog urine.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

One of the primary causes of blood in dog urine is a lower or upper urinary tract infection (UTI). Dogs, especially females, can develop UTIs, which can lead to inflammation and irritation of the urinary tract.

Bacteria, such as E. coli, is often responsible for these infections. UTIs can cause discomfort and pain during urination, frequent urination, and other symptoms.

Bladder and Kidney Stones

Another potential cause of blood in dog urine is the presence of bladder or kidney stones. These stones can form due to various factors, including diet, genetics, and chronic infections.

When these stones irritate the urinary tract, they can cause bleeding and discomfort for your dog.

Prostate Issues in Male Dogs

Male dogs may experience blood in their urine due to prostate problems. Intact male dogs are more prone to develop prostate issues, such as infections or enlargement, which can lead to blood in the urine.

Uterine or Vaginal Issues in Female Dogs

Unspayed female dogs may also experience bloody urine due to uterine or vaginal issues. Conditions such as uterine infections or tumors can cause bleeding, which can be observed in the urine.

Other Causes

In addition to the common causes mentioned above, blood in dog urine can result from various other factors, including:

  • Kidney infection
  • Bladder infection
  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Kidney disease or inflammation
  • Tumors or polyps in the urinary tract
  • Trauma or injury to the urinary system
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Exposure to toxins or ingestion of rodenticides
  • Anatomical malformations

It’s important to note that these are just some of the potential causes, and a proper diagnosis from a veterinarian is essential for accurate identification and treatment.

dog urinating

How to Treat Blood in Dog Urine

Treatment for blood in dog urine will depend on the underlying cause. It’s crucial to consult a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. In some cases, such as UTIs, antibiotics may be prescribed to combat bacterial infections.

Anti-inflammatory medications may also be recommended to reduce inflammation and alleviate discomfort associated with bleeding.

For more severe cases involving bladder stones, kidney stones, or tumors, your dog might need surgery. The specific treatment approach will be determined by your veterinarian based on the individual needs of your dog.

Is Blood in Dog Urine from Stress?

While stress can impact a dog’s overall health, including their urinary tract, stress alone is not a direct cause of blood in dog urine.

However, stress can weaken the immune system, making dogs more susceptible to urinary tract infections or other conditions that may result in blood in the urine.

Managing stress through proper exercise, mental stimulation such as with puzzle toys, and a calm environment can contribute to your dog’s overall well-being.

Can You Treat Blood in Your Dog’s Urine at Home?

While there are steps you can take to promote your dog’s urinary tract health, it’s important to note that treating blood in your dog’s urine at home is not recommended.

Blood in dog urine is often a sign or symptom of an underlying condition that requires professional veterinary care. While natural remedies, such as cranberry extract or certain supplements, may support urinary tract health, they are not a substitute for proper diagnosis and treatment from a veterinarian.

Always consult with your vet before administering any home remedies or supplements to your dog.

sad dog

How to Prevent Blood in Dog Urine

Prevention plays a crucial role in maintaining your dog’s urinary tract health. Here are some measures you can take to reduce the risk of blood in your dog’s urine:

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Ensure your dog receives regular veterinary check-ups, including comprehensive physical exams and urinalysis. Regular screenings can help detect potential issues early on, allowing for prompt treatment.

You can learn more about how often to take your dog to the vet here.

Provide Proper Nutrition

Feeding your dog a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for overall health, including urinary tract health. Fresh dog food can be an excellent choice, as well as feeding your pup nutritious fruits and veggies full of water such as cucumber and watermelon.

Consult with your veterinarian to ensure your dog’s diet meets their specific nutritional needs.

Encourage Hydration

Ensure your dog has access to fresh, clean water at all times. Adequate hydration helps maintain urinary tract health and flush out toxins from the body.

Monitor Urinary Habits

Pay attention to your dog’s urinary habits and monitor for any changes. If you notice frequent urination, difficulty urinating, or any other unusual behavior, consult with your veterinarian.

Maintain Good Genital Hygiene

Proper genital hygiene, such as keeping the area clean and free from excessive fur, is essential for preventing urinary tract infections. Regular grooming can help prevent bacterial growth and potential infections.


Discovering blood in your dog’s urine can be alarming, but it’s important not to panic. Understanding the potential causes, seeking veterinary care, and following your veterinarian’s guidance is crucial in ensuring your dog’s health and well-being.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment can address underlying issues and help your dog recover. By taking preventive measures and providing proper care, you can reduce the risk of blood in your dog’s urine and promote their urinary tract health.

Remember, your veterinarian is your best resource for guidance and support in maintaining your dog’s overall health.